A mountain is “on top of the world” (OTOTW) if nothing on Earth rises above the horizon of an observer at its summit, considering that distant terrain dips below the horizon due to Earth’s curvature. OTOTW mountains often have expansive views and dominate over their surroundings.
The horizon is defined as the flat plane that intersects the summit and is perpendicular to the direction of gravity. “Above the horizon” means on the side of this plane opposite the direction of gravity.
K2, the second-highest mountain on Earth, is OTOTW. Despite Mount Everest being higher, it is well below the horizon of K2’s summit due to Earth’s curvature.
Click on a mountain on the map to view its following metrics:
Fun facts about OTOTW mountains:
This map is made possible with Andrew Kirmse’s work in identifying every mountain worldwide, as well as the Copernicus GLO-30, ALOS World 3D-30m, and MERIT digital elevation models, the EGM2008 geoid model, and Google Earth Engine. This website, as well as the concept of an OTOTW mountain, is developed by Kai Xu.
This research paper provides more information on OTOTW mountains, as well as jut and dominance.
Download CSV file of OTOTW mountains.
For any inquiries, please email Kai Xu at [email protected].